Monday, February 27, 2012

Wurtz reaction

Wurtz reaction A reaction to prepare alkanes by reacting a haloalkane with sodium: 2RX + 2Na → 2NaX + RR

The haloalkane is refluxed with sodium in dry ether. The method is named after the French chemist Charles-Adolphe Wurtz (1817–84). The analogous reaction using a haloalkane and a haloarene, for example: C6H5Cl + CH3Cl + 2Na → 2NaCl + C6H5CH3

is called the Fittig reaction after the German chemist Rudolph Fittig (1835–1910).

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