Wurtz reaction A reaction to prepare alkanes by reacting a haloalkane with sodium: 2RX + 2Na → 2NaX + RR
The haloalkane is refluxed with sodium in dry ether. The method is named after the French chemist Charles-Adolphe Wurtz (1817–84). The analogous reaction using a haloalkane and a haloarene, for example: C6H5Cl + CH3Cl + 2Na → 2NaCl + C6H5CH3
is called the Fittig reaction after the German chemist Rudolph Fittig (1835–1910).